Destination Information - Australia
Australia, a vast land Down Under, beckons travellers with its rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant culture. This diverse country offers a myriad of experiences, from exploring ancient Aboriginal heritage to venturing into bustling cities and exploring natural wonders. If you're planning a trip to Australia, here's everything you need to know to make the most of your journey.
Australia's history is deeply rooted in its Indigenous heritage, with Aboriginal people inhabiting the continent for over 65,000 years. Exploring their ancient culture and art is a remarkable way to understand the country's beginnings. From the iconic rock formations of Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park to the ancient rock art in Kakadu National Park, these sites offer a glimpse into Australia's rich Indigenous past.
The more recent European settlement began in 1788 when the British established a penal colony in Sydney. Discover the historical landmarks in Sydney, including the iconic Sydney Opera House and the convict-built Hyde Park Barracks Museum, which provide insights into Australia's colonial history.
Things to See and Do:
Australia is brimming with captivating attractions that cater to all interests. For nature enthusiasts, the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef system, offers unparalleled snorkelling and diving opportunities. Take a journey along the Great Ocean Road in Victoria to witness the spectacular Twelve Apostles, towering limestone stacks carved by the fierce Southern Ocean.
In Australia's heart, explore the rugged beauty of the Outback. Visit the awe-inspiring Red Centre, where Uluru rises majestically from the desert. Marvel at the vastness of the Kimberley region in Western Australia, with its ancient gorges and stunning waterfalls. The country's diverse national parks, such as the Blue Mountains in New South Wales or the Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, offer endless opportunities for hiking, wildlife spotting, and reconnecting with nature.
For those who don't fancy venturing into "the bush", the great cities of Australia rival anywhere in the world. Most people's gateway to the country Sydney is strikingly beautiful. The Old Quarter of The Rocks harks back to the early colonial years while the modernism of the Sydney Opera House, the Harbour Bridge and Stadium Australia dwarf one's imagination. But if Sydney is Australia's San Francisco then Melbourne is the country's LA - a fashion conscious, dynamic city with great energy and vibrancy. Don't forget the country's other larger cities, Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin and Perth, each of which have their own charm and unique appeal.
Australia's currency is the Australian Dollar (AUD). It is advisable to exchange some money for AUD before your trip, or you can conveniently withdraw cash from ATMs in major cities. Credit cards are widely accepted, but it's always good to have some cash on hand for smaller establishments and regional areas.
Electrical Power and Plugs:
Australia operates on 230-240 volts with a frequency of 50 Hz. North American travellers will need to bring a power adapter to plug their devices into Australian power outlets, which have three flat prongs. It's recommended to check the voltage requirements of your specific electronic devices to ensure they are compatible.
Other Tips for Travellers: