Destination Information - Peru
Discover the Rich History and Enchanting Landscapes of Peru
Peru, a land of ancient civilizations, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant cultures, is a must-visit destination for any avid traveller. From the majestic peaks of the Andes Mountains to the mystical ruins of Machu Picchu, Peru offers an unforgettable experience that combines history, adventure, and natural wonders. If you're planning a trip to this captivating country, here is a guide to help you make the most of your journey.
Peru is steeped in history, with evidence of human habitation dating back thousands of years. The Inca Empire, which thrived from the 13th to the 16th century, is the most well-known ancient civilization of Peru. Its ruins, including the iconic Machu Picchu, are a testament to the advanced engineering skills and remarkable architectural achievements of the Incas. Exploring the archaeological sites of Cusco and the Sacred Valley will transport you back in time, allowing you to discover the secrets of this enigmatic civilization.
Aside from the Incas, Peru boasts other remarkable pre-Columbian cultures, such as the Moche, Nazca, and Chavín. Museums in Lima, the capital city, exhibit stunning artifacts from these civilizations, providing visitors with a comprehensive understanding of Peru's historical heritage.
Peru's natural beauty is equally awe-inspiring. The country is home to the Amazon rainforest, which covers a significant portion of its territory. Embark on an unforgettable adventure by exploring the dense jungle, encountering diverse wildlife, and connecting with local indigenous communities. The Ballestas Islands, often referred to as the "Poor Man's Galapagos," offer a unique opportunity to observe sea lions, penguins, and a multitude of bird species in their natural habitat.
If you're seeking outdoor adventures, the Andes Mountains present a playground for hiking enthusiasts. The Cordillera Blanca offers numerous trekking routes, including the world-famous Santa Cruz Trek. For adrenaline junkies, try your hand at paragliding over Lima's scenic coastline or sandboarding on the massive dunes of Huacachina.
To make the most of your stay, it's essential to familiarize yourself with practical travel information. The official currency in Peru is the Peruvian Sol (PEN). While credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, it's advisable to carry some cash for smaller establishments and rural areas. ATMs are readily available in urban centers, ensuring easy access to funds.
When it comes to electrical power, Peru operates on a 220-volt system. The standard plug type is the Type A and Type B, which feature two flat pins. It's recommended to bring a universal adapter to ensure compatibility with Peruvian outlets.
As with any international travel, it's always wise to take certain precautions. Peru is a safe country overall, but like any other tourist destination, it's essential to remain vigilant, especially in crowded areas and tourist hotspots. It's advisable to carry a copy of your passport and keep the original in a secure location. Additionally, be cautious of your belongings and avoid displaying signs of wealth.
Peru's cuisine is renowned worldwide, so don't miss the opportunity to indulge in its gastronomic delights. From ceviche, a zesty seafood dish, to lomo saltado, a flavorful stir-fry, Peruvian cuisine offers a diverse range of culinary experiences. Venture into local markets to sample exotic fruits, such as lucuma and cherimoya, and savor traditional Peruvian dishes that reflect the country's multicultural influences.
In summary, Peru is a captivating destination that seamlessly blends history, natural beauty, and cultural diversity. From exploring ancient ruins to hiking through the Andes and indulging in mouthwatering cuisine, there is something to captivate every traveller. So pack your bags, embrace the adventure, and let Peru's enchanting landscapes and rich history leave an indelible mark on your soul.